FOUR PARADIGMATIC REACTIONS TO THE POSITIVE TRANSFERENCE OF ‘BEING IN LOVE WITH THE ANALYST’
1) Josef Breuer: When confronted with the pseudo-pregnancy of his patient, Bertha Pappenheim, he stopped the therapy and ran for the hills.
2) Sigmund Freud: In his Selbstdarstellung, Freud mentions that when a patient awoke from hypnosis, she threw her arms around him in an embrace. He knew that this manifestation of ‘being in love’ was not to him personally, but was a result of a transference, which is necessary for every analysis.
3) Carl Jung: Sabina Spielrein declared her love for him, so he had an affair with her.
4) Sandor Ferenczi: The ideal for him is to hug and kiss every patient, and then engage in some kind of a ‘mutual analysis’
So we have 4 typical reactions to a positive transference:
1) Flight; 2) a cool objective consideration and detachment, 3) being taken in by the positive transference and having an affair, and lastly,4) by indulging in a love affair with every patient.
The first two reactions are some type of a refusal. The first one being of the particular, the second being a refusal in general or universal. The next reaction is an acceptance in the particular. The last reaction is an acceptance in the general. These 4 reactions could be placed on the Aristotelian Square of Opposition.
UNIVERSAL AFFIRMATIVE =
Every S is P
Ferenczi’s position: Hug and kiss every patient and then have a “mutual analysis”
UNIVERSAL NEGATIVE= No S is P
Freud: Do not have sexual relation with any patient. Their ‘being in love with me’ is a necessary result of every transference
Some is P
Jung: It’s okay to have an affair with at least one of your patients, Sabina Spielrein, for instance. l.
Some S is not P
Josef Breuer, his patient Bertha Pappenheim, has a pseudo-pregnancy and claims that she is having Breuer’s child. Breuer stops the therapy and flees in great anxiety.